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Policies and Publication Ethics

  Publication ethics and misconduct


Statement on Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice

This statement is based on COPE’s Code of Conduct an internationally accepted Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors that explains ethical behavior of all parties involved in the act of publishing an article for journals, i.e.:
the author, the Editor in Chief, the peer-reviewers and the publisher.

The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed journal is an essential building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. It is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method. In order to publish high-quality scientific resources, public trust in findings, and credit for people's ideas, the ethical standards for publication are followed:


Duties of Editors

Article Publication Decision: Possible decisions based on the double blind peer review are: accept as is, minor revision, major revision, or reject.
Honesty and Fair Play: Editors will not give any consideration on authors' race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political context, movements and rituals.
Confidentiality: They must not disclose any information about submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, and the publisher.
Disclosure and Conflicts of interest: Unpublished materials are not allowed in submitted manuscript without the express written consent of the author.
Involvement and Cooperation in Investigations

Duties of Reviewers

Double Blind Peer Review and Contribution to Editorial Decision
Punctuality and Promptness
Confidentiality of Results, Reports and Decisions
Standards of Objectivity: Reviewers express their comments and views clearly without personal criticism of the author and with supporting arguments and reviews.
Acknowledgement of Source: Reviewer particularly focuses on substantial similarity or overlap between the submitted manuscript and other published resources.
Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: Reviewers should not accept to review a manuscript if a conflict of interest exists.

Duties of Authors

Reporting Standards, Accurate Data, Sufficient Detail and References
Data Access and Retention: providing the raw data to editor if neededFalsification and Fabrication
Funding Acknowledgement
Authorship of the Paper: The significant contributors should be listed as co-authors. Other contributors can be acknowledged. The corresponding author is solely responsible for communicating with the journal editors and with managing communication between coauthors. Before submission, the corresponding author ensures that all authors are included in the author list, its order has been agreed by co-authors, and that all authors are aware that the paper was submitted.
Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects
Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: All sources of financial support for the project or any substantive conflict of interest that might be interpreted to influence the results of the paper should be disclosed.
Promptly Notifying the Fundamental Errors in Published Works

Duties of the Publisher

We are committed to ensuring that commercial revenue has no impact or influence on editorial decisions. In addition, Scienceline journals will assist in communications with other journals and/or publishers where this is useful to editors. Finally, we are working closely with other publishers and industry associations to set standards for best practices on ethical matters, errors and retractions--and are prepared to provide specialized legal review and counsel if necessary.


In the event that there are documented violations of any of the above mentioned policies in Scienceline journals, the following sanctions can be applied:
• Immediate rejection of the infringing manuscript, every other manuscript submitted to our journals by any of the authors of the infringing manuscript.
• Prohibition against all of this manuscript's authors for any new submissions, either individually or in combination with other authors and also serving on the Editorial Board of Scienceline Journals, for a minimum of five years.
• If the violations of the policies are found to be particularly outrageous, the publisher reserves the right to impose additional sanctions.

Plagiarism Detection

Peer review is at the heart of the processes and the success of not just journals but of all of science. It is the method by which grants are allocated, papers published, academics promoted, and Nobel prizes won (Richard Smith, 2006). As part of our commitment to the protection and enhancement of the peer review process, our journals have an obligation to assist the scientific community in all aspects of publishing ethics, especially in cases of (suspected) duplicate submission or plagiarism (including self-plagiarism). All manuscripts will be checked by ​Docol©c​, a plagiarism finding tool. The received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 40% are immediately rejected (See sample of Docol©c-Report).


1. Publication and authorship:
- list of references, financial support;
- no plagiarism, no fraudulent data;
- forbidden to publish same research in more than one journal.

2. Author's responsibilities:
- authors obliged to participate in peer review process;
- all authors have significantly contributed to the research;
- statement that all data in article are real and authentic;
- all authors are obliged to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes.

3. Peer review / responsibility for the reviewers:
- Judgments should be objective;
- reviewers should have no conflict of interest with respect to the research, the authors and/or the research funders;
- reviewers should point out relevant published work which is not yet cited;
- reviewed articles should be treated confidentially.

4. Editorial responsibilities:
- e.g. editors have complete responsibility and authority to reject/accept an article;
- editors should have no conflict of interest with respect to articles they reject/accept;
- only accept a paper when reasonably certain;
- when errors are found, promote publication of correction or retraction;
- preserve anonymity of reviewers.

5. Publishing ethics issues:
- Monitoring/safeguarding publishing ethics by editorial board;
- Guidelines for retracting articles;
- Maintain the integrity of the academic record;
- Preclude business needs from compromising intellectual and ethical standards;
- Always be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed;
- no plagiarism, no fraudulent data.


Copyright Notice

altScienceline journals licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 License (CC BY-NC 4.0).
An Open Access Publication is one that meets the following two conditions: 

1. The author(s) and copyright holder(s) grant(s) to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship, as well as the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal use.

2. A complete version of the work and all supplemental materials, including a copy of the permission as stated above, in a suitable standard electronic format is deposited immediately upon initial publication in at least one online repository that is supported by an academic institution, scholarly society, government agency, or other well-established organization that seeks to enable open access, unrestricted distribution, interoperability, and long-term archiving. 

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: 1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. 2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal. 3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.

Privacy Statement

Image result for Privacy StatementPrivacy is an important concern for users of Scienceline journals. Below you will find our policy for protecting users' personal information. Registration on our website is optional and voluntary. Browsing and viewing articles on our website does not require any personal information to be submitted from users. Nor do these functions require the user's browser to be set to accept cookies. Some other aspects of our services published on our website do require the use of cookies, and the supply of information such as name, e-mail etc. This is necessary for security reasons and also for us to be able to assure standards of scientific integrity. Users may submit further personal information (e.g. details of research areas of interest) in order to take advantage of present and future personalization facilities on our website. Registrants may decline to provide the information requested. They should be advised, however, that Scienceline Press may be unable to deliver its services unless at least the information necessary for security and identification purposes is provided. In order to offer the best possible service to users, Scienceline tracks the patterns of usage of pages on the site. This enables us to identify the most popular articles and services. Where users have provided details of their research areas of interest, this information can be correlated, helping Scienceline to provide a useful service for scientists, offering them the most relevant information based on their areas of interest. User information will only be shared with third parties with the explicit consent of the user. Publishing a scientific manuscript is inherently a public (as opposed to anonymous) process. The name of all authors and e-mail address of corresponding authors of a manuscript will be available to users. These details are made available in this way purely to facilitate scientific communication. Collecting these e-mail addresses for commercial use is not allowed, nor will Scienceline Press itself send unsolicited e-mail to authors, unless it directly concerns the paper they have published on Scienceline Press journals. Scienceline journals reserves the right to disclose members' personal information if required to do so by law, or in the good faith and belief that such action is reasonably necessary to comply with legal process, respond to claims, or protect the rights, property or safety of Scienceline Press, employees or members.

(Revised on 25 December 2019)